Hier matin, la presse malgache met en exergue un rapport, plutôt négatif il faut le reconnaître, de l’année 2010 concernant les Droits de l’Homme à Madagascar.
Evidemment, de nombreux blogs et autres sites de l’opposition on reprit l’information, horrifiés qu’ils sont de la situation catastrophique que connaît Madagascar depuis fin 2099.
Attendez, un instant, la mémoire leur fait-elle défaut ?
Le site du State Department américain est bien fait, car au-delà du rapport de 2010, on peut lire les rapports des années précédentes également.
Voici le résumé du rapport 2008 sur Madagascar, pas moins de 10 sujets :
The following serious human rights problems were reported: unlawful killings; security force abuse; harsh prison conditions that resulted in deaths; arbitrary arrest; lengthy pretrial detention; censorship; official corruption and impunity; societal discrimination and violence against women and children; trafficking of women and children; and child labor, including forced child labor.
A propos de la liberté de la presse :
There were no reports of government officials arresting journalists during the year; however, one television station was closed, several radio stations were temporarily suspended and programs cancelled for alleged criticism of the government. To maintain access to sources, journalists practiced extensive self-censorship.
(…)The president's privately owned television and radio station, MBS, was permitted to broadcast nationally, a right denied to all other private stations.
A propos de la liberté de manifester :
From August through October, several opposition groups were denied permission to hold meetings in several cities, including Antananarivo, Fianarantsoa, and Tamatave. In several cases, authorization was withheld by the police, citing public safety, security concerns, or lack of justification for the event. Several groups held their events regardless, and opposition leaders were arrested or detained for these activities. Opposition leader Henri Lecacheur was given a three-month suspended sentence in September for allegedly holding an unauthorized rally in Antananarivo in August.
A propos de la liberté de religion :
In May 2007 Jesuit missionary Father Sylvain Urfer was deported to France on grounds that his entry visa had expired, although he had lived in Madagascar since 1974 and held a permanent visa since 1992. Some human rights activists claimed Urfer's expulsion was connected to his religious activities, while others cited his open criticism of the government as the reason.
Il n’est évidemment pas question de minimiser les exactions de la Transition, qui a largement sa quote-part d’actes tout à fait répréhensibles concernant les Droits de l’Homme, et particulièrement la question des personnes tuées lors de manifestations. Mais n’oublions pas que Madagascar, quel que soit le pouvoir en place, a un long chemin à parcourir en ce qui concerne le respect des droits humains.